An Insight Into Birth Defects

Having a healthy baby is any mothers wish. In a few situations, children are born with birth defects. Depending on the severity, they are treatable or can last a lifetime. It is crucial to offer such kid’s emotional and physical support not only at birth and as the child grows up.

What are the causes of such defects?

The factors responsible for structural anomalies in children are many. Inherited genetic disorders and environmental exposure to harmful radiation are some possible causes. The mother’s diet during the pregnancy is essential. If they lack certain minerals and vitamins, it inhibits proper child development in the womb. Indulgence in excessive drug taking such as smoking cigarettes affects the unborn babies health and can contribute to them having defects.

Examples of congenital disabilities

Congenital heart defects, clubfoot, cleft lip, and spine Bifida are some of the anatomic abnormalities a child can have. Biochemical congenital disabilities include sickle cell disease and phenylketonuria. Chromosomal anomalies include Down syndrome and the fragile x syndrome. Prevalence is low with some such as Down syndrome occurring in 1 out of every 1500 children born.

How to establish if your child has a congenital disability

The best time to detect if your baby has a defect is at birth. A checkup is necessary as soon as the child is born to establish if all is well. Further consultation with a pediatrician is required so that one can get professional advice on the medical solutions available. Some congenital disabilities are treatable if detected early enough. Signs of some defects take time to develop. Closely monitor the health of your child and ensure you go for regular checkups.

Possible treatments for congenital disabilities

Defects such cleft lips are treatable through surgery. Abnormalities attributed to poor nutrition require an infant to receive supplements of vital vitamins that they may be lacking. For some such as Down syndrome, there can be no possible cure. In such a situation parents should understand such a child. They may take time to perform a primary task such as walking. As a parent, the best support you can give such a child is showing them lots of love.

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